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【直接打印】牛津译林版(2020)高中英语必修第一册Unit1-Unit4课文文本+单词背诵手册Book1Unit1BacktoschoolReadingRealizingyourpotentialHello,everyone!Welcometoseniorhighschool!Todayisthestartofanewterm,thestartofathree-yearjourneyandthestartofapromisingfuture.Ican’twaittodescribetoyouwhatseniorhighschoollifeislike.Thepathbeforeyouleadstoaworldfullofchallenges:anewenvironment,newknowledgeandnewwaysofthinking.However,forthoseofyouwithapositivemind,opportunityliesineachchallenge.Whenyourisetothechallenges,youwillhavetheopportunitytoacquiregreatknowledgeandenjoypersonalgrowth.Mostimportantly,yourtimeandeffortatseniorhighschoolwillopenthedoortoyourpotential.“Whatispotential?”youmayask.Putsimply,potentialisyournaturalabilitythatcanbedevelopedwhenyoutryhardenough.Whoknowswhatbeautifulworksofartyouwillcreate,whatmedicaladvancesyouwillmakeorwhatamazingtechnologiesyouwilldevelop!Thepossibilitiesareendless,andIhaveconfidenceinyourabilitytomakeadifferencetoyourfamily,toyourcommunityandtoourcountry.Overthenextthreeyears,youwilldiscoveryourpotentialwhileyoudevelopasastudentandasaperson.Tofullyrealizeyourpotential,itisimportantforyoutomakethemostofour第32页共32页,schoolresources.Takeadvantageofyourclasses,learnfromyourteachersandclassmates,andmakeuseofourschoolfacilities.Therearealsoalotofschoolactivitiesforyou.Joinaclubortwo,andtakeanactivepartindifferentsports.Ofequalimportancearegoodstudyhabits,usefulskillsandapositiveattitude.Carefullyplanyourstudy,setcleargoalsandbalanceyourschoolworkwithotheractivities.Asaseniorhighschoolstudent,youmustmakeeffortstoimproveyourcommunicationandproblem-solvingskills.Lastbutnotleast,alwayslookonthebrightsideandneverlosehope,evenindifficultsituations.Intimeyouwillfindyourselfgrowingintoawell-roundedindividual.AsLao-Tzuwiselysaid,“Ajourneyofathousandmilesbeginswithasinglestep.”Youneedtomakeacontinuousefforttotrainyourmindanddevelopyourcharacter.Seniorhighschoolwillhelpyoulearnandgrow,yetyoualoneareresponsibleforrealizingyourgreatpotential.Beconfident,doyourbestandmakeusproud!ExtendedreadingSchoollifeintheUKLastyear,IhadthechancetostudyataBritishsecondaryschoolasanexchangestudent.Istayedwithalovelyhostfamilyandwenttoschoolwiththeirson,Daniel.Wewerebothinyeartenandwegotonwell.HeislearningChineseandwillcometostaywithmethisyearinChina!第32页共32页,TheBritishschooldaycommonlybeginsaround9a.m.andendsaround4p.m.EverysecondaryschoolstudentintheUKmuststudyEnglish,MathsandtheSciencesubjects:Biology,ChemistryandPhysics.Inyearten,studentsusuallyhavetolearnninesubjectsandtheycanalsochoosetostudyothersubjects,suchasHistory,ArtandBusiness.TheclassesaredifferentfromthoseinChina.Eachteacherhastheirownclassroomandthestudentsmovearoundforeverylesson.Inmostofmyclasses,therewereonlyabout20students.Inthebeginning,however,itwasstilltoughformetoremembereveryone’sname!Ienjoyedmostoftheclasses,butsomeofthemwerequitechallenging.Technologyclasseswerefun.Imadeaclocktotakehome.Theteacherhelpedmeputthepartstogether.IlikeitsomuchthatIstilluseitasmyalarm!IfoundMathsquiteeasyandenjoyablebecausethematerialwaslessadvancedintheUKthaninChina.However,learninginEnglishwasagreatchallengeforme.TherewerealotofdifficultEnglishwords,especiallyinGeographyandBiology.ClassdiscussionisveryimportantintheUK,butIcouldnotmakeagreatcontributionbecausesometimesIwasn’tabletoexpressmyselfclearlyinEnglish.AlthoughtherewasnotasmuchhomeworkasIwasusedto,itwasstillchallenging.Fortunately,myteachersandclassmateswerealwayshelpfulandgavemelotsofencouragement.Mylanguageskillsimprovedovertime.Duringthehour-longlunchtime,Iateintheschooldininghall.Therewerelotsofoptionsincludingbreadandbutter,chickenpieandpuddings,butIstillmissed第32页共32页,mymom’scooking!Afterlunch,Ioftenplayedontheschool’shugesportsfieldwithDanielandhisfriends.Sometimeswejustrelaxedunderatreeorsatonthegrass.Afterschool,thereweremanyclubstojoin.TheonethatattractedmemostwastheRugbyclub.Weplayedonceaweek,anditwasgreatfun.Also,IenjoyedactingintheTheatreClub.IstillhavephotosofmyselfactingintheWilliamShakespeare’sAMidsummerNight’sDream.JoiningclubswasagreatwaytomeetBritishstudentsandmakefriendswiththem.Iamgladtohavetheopportunitytoexperiencethisdifferentwayoflife.ImetsomegreatpeopleandlearntalotaboutschoollifeintheUK.Danielandhisfamilywerefantastichosts,andhisfriendswereveryniceaswell.Ican’twaitforDanieltovisitChina!Book1Unit2Let’stalkteensReadingStrangersunderthesameroof?Doeseverydinnerwithyourparentsseemtoturnintoabattle?Haveyouroncewarmandopenconversationsbecomecoldandguarded?Doyoufeelthatyoujustcannotseeeyetoeyewiththemonanything?Youarenotalone.Heatedargumentsandcoldsilencesarecommonbetweenteenagersandtheirparents.Teenagers’physicalchangesmayresultinsuchfamilytensions.Youmayfeelanxiousthatyouaredevelopingatadifferentratetoyourfriends,shootingupinheightorgettingleftfarbehind.Youmightworryaboutyourchangingvoice,weightproblemsorspots.Whenitallgetstoomuch,yourparentsareoftenthefirsttargets第32页共32页,ofyouranger.Itcanbeabigheadachetobalanceyourdevelopingmentalneedstoo.Youenterastrangemiddleground—nolongerasmallchildbutnotquiteanadult.Youhavebothanewdesireforindependenceandacontinuedneedforyourparents’loveandsupport.Youfeelreadytobemoreresponsibleandmakedecisionsonyourown.Unfortunately,yourparentsdonotalwaysagreeandthatmakesyoufeelunhappy.“Whycan’ttheyjustletmego?”youmaywonder.Ontheotherhand,whenyouarestrugglingtocontrolyourfeelings,youwishtheycouldbemorecaringandpatient—sometimestheyforgetthatgrowingupisaroughride.Itcanbedifficultwhenyourparentstreatyoulikeachildbutexpectyoutoactlikeanadult.Allofthiscanleadtoabreakdowninyourrelationship.Althoughsometimesitmayseemimpossibletogetalongasafamily,youcantakeactiontoimprovethesituation.Thekeytokeepingthepeaceisregularandhonestcommunication.Whenyoudisagreewithyourparents,takeaminutetocalmdownandtrytounderstandthesituationfromtheirpointofview.Perhapstheyhaveexperiencedsomethingsimilaranddonotwantyoutogothroughthesamepain.Afteryouhavethoughtitthrough,explainyouractionsandfeelingscalmly,listencarefully,andaddresstheirconcerns.Throughthiskindofhealthydiscussion,youwilllearnwhentobackdownandwhentoaskyourparentstorelaxtheircontrol.Justrememberthatitiscompletelynormaltostrugglewiththestressthatparent-childtensionscreate,andthatyouandyourparentscanworktogethertoimproveyourrelationship.Thegoodnewsisthatthisstormyperiodwillnotlast.第32页共32页,Everythingwillturnoutallrightintheend,andthechangesandchallengesofyourteenageyearswillprepareyouforadulthood.IntegratedskillsMymumkeepsanotebookofmygradesineveryexam.SheasksmyteachershowI’mdoingatschoolwhenevershecan.Itseemsasifmygradesarethemostimportantthinginherlife.Whenwe'reathome,shekeepspressingmetostudyallthetime.Idoasshesays,butsheisneverhappywithmygrades.Whycan’tsheleavemealone?Iwanttotakeabreakonceinawhile.Iwanttolistentomusicorgooutwithmyfriends.Isthattoomuchtoaskfor?—RebeccaI’meagerformyparents’love.They’realwaysbusyatwork.Ihardlyeverseethemduringtheweekbecausetheydon'tgethomeuntillateatnight.ItellthemthatI’mstressedaboutschoolwork,butneitherofthemshowanyconcern.SometimesIfeelquitelonelyathome.Whenwasthelasttimewehadafamilyoutingattheweekend?Whenwasthelasttimewehadalongtalk?Howcanparentsnotcareabouttheirchildren?—SimonEveryonesaysthatyouthisatimeforadventure,butmyparentsdisagree.Ispendmostofmysparetimeathome,becausetheyhardlyeverletmegooutwith第32页共32页,myfriends.WhenIdogoout,theyalwaysask,“Whereareyougoing?”“Whoareyougoingwith?”“Whatareyougoingtodo?”“Whenwillyoubeback?”They’realwaysonmybackaboutsomething.`Iunderstandthatthey’retryingtoprotectmefromgettinghurt.However,justasababykangaroomustlearntoprotectitselfwhenitleavesitsmother’spocket,IwillhavetolearntoprotectmyselfwhenIgrowup.IwishtheycouldbemoreflexiblesothatIcanmakemyownchoicesaboutwhattodoinmysparetime.—LauraExtendedreadingMamaandHerBankAccountEverySaturdaynightMamawouldsitdownbythekitchentableandcountoutthemoneyPapahadbroughthome.“Fortherent.”Mamawouldcountoutthebigsilverpieces.“Forthegroceries.”Anothergroupofcoins.“I’llneedanotebook.”ThatwouldbemysisterChristine,mybrotherNelsorme.Mamawouldputoneortwocoinstotheside.Wewouldwatchwithanxiousinterest.Atlast,Papawouldask,“Isthatall?”AndwhenMamanodded,wecouldrelaxalittle.Mamawouldlookupandsmile,“Good.Wedonothavetogotothe第32页共32页,Bank.”WewereallsoproudofMama’sBankAccount.Itgaveussuchawarm,securefeeling.WhenNelsgraduatedfromgrammarschool,hewantedtogoontohighschool.“Itwillcostalittlemoney,”hesaid.Eagerlywegatheredaroundthetable.ItookdownaboxandlaiditcarefullyinfrontofMama.Thiswasthe“LittleBank”.Itwasusedforsuddenemergencies,suchasthetimewhenChristinebrokeherarmandhadtobetakentoadoctor.Nelslistedthecostsofthethingshewouldneed.MamacountedoutthemoneyintheLittleBank.Therewasnotenough.“WedonotwanttogototheBank,”shereminded.Weallshookourheads.“IwillworkinDillon’sgroceryafterschool,”Nelsvolunteered.Mamagavehimabrightsmileandwrotedownanumber.“That’snotenough,”Papasaid.Thenhetookhispipeoutofhismouthandlookedatitforalongtime.“Iwillgiveupsmoking,”hesaidsuddenly.MamareachedacrossthetableandtouchedPapa’sarm.Thenshewrotedownanotherfigure.“IwilllookaftertheElvingtonchildreneveryFridaynight,”Isaid.“Christinecanhelpme.”Nowtherewasenoughmoney.WeallfeltverygoodbecausewedidnothavetogodowntownanddrawmoneyoutofMama’sBankAccount.SomanythingscameoutoftheLittleBankthatyear:Christine'sdressfortheschoolplay,mylittlesisterDagmar’soperation...Whateverhappened,wealways第32页共32页,knewwestillhadtheBanktodependupon.Thatwastwentyyearsago.LastyearIsoldmyfirststory.Whenthecheckcame,IhurriedovertoMama’sandputitinherlap.“Foryou,”Isaid,“toputinyourBankAccount.”InoticedforthefirsttimehowoldMamaandPapalooked.Papaseemedshorter,andMama’shairwassilvernow.“Tomorrow,”ItoldMama,“youmusttakeittotheBank.”“Youwillgowithme,Katrin?”“Thatwon’tbenecessary.Justhandittotheteller.He'llpayitintoyouraccount.”Mamalookedatme.“Thereisnoaccount,”shesaid.“Inallmylife,I’veneverbeeninsideabank.”AndwhenIdidn’t—couldn’t—answer,Mamasaidseriously,“Itisnotgoodforlittleonestobeafraid—tonotfeelsecure.”(AdaptedfromKathrynForbes’sMama’sBankAccount,whichhas17shortstoriesanddescribesthestrugglesanddreamsofafamilyinSanFranciscointheearly1900s)Book1Unit3GettingalongwithothersReadingFriendshipontherocks:pleaseadvise!Amy第32页共32页,Monday12/109:13p.m.MybestfriendandIhavebeencloseforeightyears.WhenIwasanawkwardprimaryschoolstudent,shewasthepopulargirlwhowaswillingtomakefriendswithme.Sincethen,aclosefriendshiphasgrownbetweenusandshe'sbeenalmostlikeasistertome.Whetherwe’rewalkingtoschool,doinghomeworkorjusthangingoutattheweekend,we’rehardlyoutofeachother’ssight.ButlastSaturday,shebrokemyheart,andI'mstillpickingupthepieces.Ouroriginalplanwastoseeafilmatthecinemathatafternoon.Butinthemorning,myfriendpostedamessageonsocialmediasayingshehadacold.WhenIcalledher,shesaidshemightnotbeabletomakeittothecinema.“Don’tworry,”Isaid.“Getsomerest.Wecanwaittillyougetbetter.”Today,however,Ireceivedahorriblesurprise.AclassmatetoldmeshehadseenmyfriendchattingwithanothergirlinacafeonSaturdayafternoon.HowstupidIwas!Myfriend’s“illness”wasacompletelie!Insteadofrecoveringathome,shewasouthavingfunwithsomeoneelse.IwassoangrythatIavoidedherduringschoolallday,andIstilldon'tfeellikerespondingtoanyofheronlinemessages.Thestressofthissituationiskillingme,andI'matalosswhattodonext.CindyMonday12/109:52p.m.I’msosorry!Butthisfriendshipisworthsaving:eightyearsisalongtime!第32页共32页,Don’tbesoquicktojudgeyourfriend.Perhapssheknowsshe’sinthewrongandwantstoapologize,ormaybeshehasasimpleexplanationforherbehaviour.Inanycase,findanopportunitytohaveafullandfranktalkwithher.Listentowhatshehastosay,andbesuretoexplainhowyoufeel.I’msureyoucansolvethisproblemtogether.DavidTuesday13/108:11p.m.Idefinitelyunderstandhowyoufeel.IalsohadafriendwhomItrustedalot.WhenIfoundoutthatIwastrickedbyhim,Iwasreallyhurtandletgoofourfriendship.Iknowyouvalueyourfriendshipandwantyourfriendtovalueitequally.However,ifyourfriendignoresyourfeelingsormakesyousuffer,it’stimetorethinkyourrelationship.Talktoheranddecidewhetherthisfriendshipisstillimportanttoyou.It’ssadtomoveon,butyouhavetoacceptthatfriendscomeandgoinlife.Integratedskills4NovemberDearDiary,TimandItalkedalotabouthisproblemstoday,andI’msogladthatIcouldhelpmybestfriend.Italsoleftmethinkingaboutwhatitreallymeanstobea“good第32页共32页,friend”.Inmyopinion,thefollowingqualitiesformthebasisofafriendship.Agoodfriendneedstobesupportive.IcanseethatTimishavingtroublebalancinghisprojectandhisschoolwork,andIcanseethatbothareimportanttohim.Imustrespectandsupportthechoiceshemakes.Ishouldalsoencouragehimtotakeactiontogetoverthesedifficulties.Agoodfriendalsoneedstobeselfless.TimissomeonewhomIshouldtrymybesttohelp,evenifitmeansmoreworkforme.Whenhe’sstrugglingwithhisschoolwork,IshoulddoallIcantohelphimbecomeamoreefficientlearner.It’lltakeupsomeofmysparetime,butthisfriendshipisworthmyextratimeandeffort.I'msurethatTimwoulddothesameforme.Tome,agoodfriendbringsoutthebestinaperson.AndIthinkTimistheonewhobringsoutthebestinme.Throughourconversationtoday,Iknowthatourfriendshipwillgrowstrongerthanever.I’llalwaysvaluethesequalitiesofagoodfriendandtrytomeasuremyselfbythesestandardsasourfriendshipdevelops.ExtendedreadingOfFriendshipAswewalkthe“pathoflife”,wemaysometimeswishtobealonewithourownthoughts,forquietperiodsofreflectioncanleadtopersonalimprovement.However,whenweseektobealone,wemustbecarefulthatwedonotalwaysescapeintoourownworld.Sociallifeisalsoimportanttous.Moreoftenthannot,closefriendshipswillhelpsmoothoutthesometimesrockyroadthatweareallmeantto第32页共32页,travel.Asweliveinsocialgroups,therearemanybenefitsoffriendshipthatwecanenjoy.Generallyspeaking,closefriendshipshavethree“fruits”:theymaycomforttheheart,advisetheheadandhelpusachievethegoalswesetforourselves.Throughfriendship,wecanbecomehappier,wiserandmoresatisfiedhumans.Thefirstfruitoffriendshipisthepeacethatcomesfromsharingwithfriendsourjoy,sadness,successandfailure.Here,friendshiphasadoubleadvantage-happinesstakesonagreatermeaningandatroublesharedbecomesatroublehalved!Naturally,thiskindofopennessresultsfromaclosefriendship.Withtruefriends,wefeelfreetoshareourjoyandsadnessinfullmeasure.Weknowthatourfriendswillbothrespectourfeelingsandtreasurethesemomentsofcloseness.Indeed,thehumanheartdependsonsuchopportunitiesforcomfortandprotection.Thesecondfruitoffriendshipisthebetterunderstandingandjudgementthatmaybeachievedthroughconversationswithwell-meaningandwisefriends.Weoftenfinditeasiertorecognizeotherpeople’sweaknessesthanourown.Asaresult,ifweareguidedonlybyourownfeelings,ourjudgementsmightbeone-sided.Ontheotherhand,ourfriendsarebetterabletoofferadviceonimportantdecisionsthatweallhavetomake.Also,whenwewanttotalkourproblemsoverwithafriend,wehavetoputourthoughtsintowordsfirst.Thisalonehelpsmakeourthoughtsclearerandbringsusamorethoroughunderstandingofourproblems.Thethirdfruitoffriendshipisthehelpthatafriendmayofferinmanydifferentways.Sometimesafriendisevenknownasour“secondself”.Therearesomany第32页共32页,thingsinlifethatcanonlybeachievedwiththehelpoffriends.Friendsmayhavemanydifferentideasandskills.Theycanhelpusachievewhatwewantduringlifeand,perhaps,evenafterdeath.Finally,itshouldbepointedoutthatenjoyingthecompanyofacrowdisnotthesameasbeingwithfriends.Friendsshouldbecarefullychosenandrelationshipscarefullydeveloped.Inthisway,wecanbetterwalkthe“pathoflife”withthecomfort,adviceandhelpfromourtrustedfriends.(Adaptedfrom“OfFriendship”,anessaywrittenbyFrancisBacon,agreatEnglishwriter,scientistandphilosopher)Book1Unit4Lookinggood,feelinggoodReadingTeenfaintsafterskippingmealsSTONECHESTER—AteenagegirlfaintedyesterdayatStonechesterHighSchoolafterskippingmeals.JenniferJones,15,toldfriendsinherclassthatshewasfeelingunwell.ShethenpassedoutinhermorningPElessonandwasrushedtohospital.Jenniferwasfoundtohavedangerouslylowbloodsugarlevelsandwastreatedimmediately.Herworriedparentstoldthedoctorthattheirdaughtermissedbreakfastthatdayandhardlytouchedherdinnerthenightbefore.Fortunately,sheisnowoutofdanger.Herdoctorsaysthatshewillmakeafullrecoveryinadayortwo.Jennifer’sclassmateshopetoseeherbackatschoolsoon.Theysaythatshehasstruggledwitheatingproblemsforalongtime.“Jenniferthoughtthatskipping第32页共32页,mealswouldbeasimplewaytoreachhertargetweight,”herfriendLauraWilliamstoldourreporter.“Shehasnoteatenbreakfastforthelastfewmonths.Shetoldmeshehadtroubleconcentratinginclass.Iwarnedherthatskippingmealswasunhealthy,butshewouldn’tlisten.”Jennifer’scaseisareminderofthedangersoftheunhealthyweight-losshabitsthathavebecomecommonamongteenagersofbothsexes.Inasocietywherebeingthinisoftenseenasbeingbeautiful,teenagerssometimesturntoextrememethodstoslimdownquickly.Accordingtoarecentsurveyofseniorhighschoolstudents'lifestyles,almostonefifthofteenagersregularlyskipmeals,oneintenover-exerciseandfourpercenteventakeweight-lossmedicine.Healthexpertsareconcernedaboutthesefigures.Theyareincreasingtheireffortstoeducateteenagersaboutthesideeffectsoflosingweighttooquickly.Theyhavealsowarnedthemagainstusingsuchextrememethods.“Theseso-calledquick-fixmethods’provetobeharmfultoteenagers.Itisnormalforteenagerstobeslightlyoverweightandthereisnoreasonwhytheyshouldbeworried.However,forthosewhoaredangerouslyoverweight,itisveryimportantthattheytrytoloseweightproperly,”saidanexpert.Shepointedoutthatitisimportanttohaveahealthybalanceddietsinceteenagersarestillgrowingandtheirbodiesneedalotofnutritiontofunctionwell.Iftheydonottakeinenoughfood,theymayfeelweakandgetilleasily.Sheadded,“What’smore,theyshouldkeepregularhoursandgetplentyofexercisetostayenergeticandfit.Westronglyencourageallteenagerstofollowtheselifestyletips,第32页共32页,becauselivingwellisthesafestandmosteffectivewaytogetintoshape.”IntegratedskillsPlasticsurgeryhelpsmanwithburnmarksByHelenBrown2JanuaryAmanreceivedplasticsurgeryatKing’sHospitallastmonthtotreatburnmarkshesufferedoneyearago.JohnWilsonhadplasticsurgerytorepairsomeofhisburntskin.Doctorsworkedonseveralproblemareas,includinghisfaceandneck.Theoperationwasagreatsuccess.LastJanuary,MrWilsonwascaughtinahorriblecampusfire,andhisskinwasbadlyburnt.Forthepastyear,hehadtolivewithterribleburnmarksonhisfaceandbody.Hedecidedtohavesurgerytohelphimfeelmoreconfidentabouthisappearance.MrWilsonisveryhappywiththetreatment.Heisespeciallypleasedwiththeresultsonhisface.“NowIcangooutjustlikeanormalguy!”hesaid.WomanregretsplasticsurgeryByTomSmith15AprilAwomanwhohasrecentlyhadplasticsurgeryonherfacenowregretsthedecision.第32页共32页,Thesurgerytookplacemorethanamonthago,butEllaEdwardsstillsuffersfromdailypain.Thisisstoppingherfromreturningtoanormallife.Shehasbeentoseveralhospitalsandallthedoctorssaythatthepainisunlikelytostopanytimesoon.Shemayneedtotakepainkillersforalongtime.Inaddition,MissEdwardssaysthesurgerymakesherlookunnaturalandthatsheisunabletomakecertainfacialexpressions.MissEdwardsisunhappywiththeresultsofthesurgery.“Iwantedtobecomemorebeautiful,butithasn’tturnedoutwellatall.Ireallyregrethavingthesurgery,”shesaid.“I’mveryanxiousaboutit.”ExtendedreadingDon’tjudgeabookbyitscover“Don’tjudgeabookbyitscover,”theoldsayinggoes.Unfortunately,asateenager,thatisoftenexactlywhatyoudotoyourself.Darkthoughtsaboutyourphysicalappearancecanhangoveryouallthetimelikearaincloud.DoIlookfatinthesejeans?DoothersthinkIamtooshort?Iseveryonelaughingatmynewhairstylebehindmyback?Thesethoughtscanhaveanegativeeffectonpeopleofanyshapeorsize,bothmaleandfemale,anditisimportanttoguardagainstthecausesbehindthem.Standardsofbeautyinthemediacanhaveabiginfluenceonwhatyouthinkofyourphysicalappearance.Teenswhotrytocopythelooksoftheirfavouritestarsarefightingalosingbattle-thesestandardsaresimplyimpossibleformostofthe第32页共32页,populationtoliveupto.Theywillonlyendupfeelingworseaboutthemselves.Yourfriendsalsoinfluencethewayyouviewyourphysicalappearance.Ifyouhavefriendswhoaregood-lookingorhaveagreatfashionsense,itcanfeellikeyouarelivingintheirshadow.Forchildrenofthedigitalage,socialmediamakesthisproblemevenworse.Yourfriendsmaypostanever-endingseriesofphotosonlinetoshowofftheirbeautifuldressesorstrongbodies,anditbecomeseasierforyoutocompareyourselftothem.Thishasprovedtohaveanegativeeffectonwhatyouthinkofyourphysicalappearance.Theseexternalinfluencesarealwayspresent,buttherearecertainlywaystodealwiththem.Firstofall,becarefulnottofollowpopularbeautystandardsblindly.Theyareoutofreachfor99%ofus,soitisbettertojustforgetaboutthem.Anothertipistoremindyourselfthatyouareunique.Keepinmindthatyourfamilyandfriendsloveyoujustthewayyouare.Talkaboutyourfeelingswithsomeoneyoutrust.Hearinghowmuchtheyvalueyoucanhelpyoufeelcomfortableinyourownskin.Focusingonyourstrengthsalsohelpsyoubuildyourconfidence.Everyonehastheirowntalents—youmaybegoodatpaintingorplayingthepiano,sotakeprideinthingsyoudowellinsteadofworryingaboutthingsyoucannotchange.Finally,itisagoodideatotrytodirectyourattentionawayfromnegativethoughts.Toachievethis,youshoulddosomethingyouenjoy.Readabookyoulike,ortakepartinasocialactivity,likeplayingaballgamewithyourfriends.Thesethingscanhelpyoutakeyourmindoffmattersthatworryyouandmakeyoufeelgoodabout第32页共32页,yourself.Youmayoftenjudgeyourselfbywhatisontheoutside,notontheinside.However,likeabook,yourcontentsaremuchmoreimportantthanyourcover.Ifyoucanlearntoseethegoodthingsaboutyourself-yourindividuality,yourvaluetoothers,yourachievements-youwillsoonbegintoloveyourselfjustthewayyouare.【直接打印】牛津译林版(2020)高中英语必修第一册单词背诵手册Unit11.potential[p??ten?l]n.可能性;潜力adj.潜在的;可能的2.senior[?si?ni?(r)]adj.中学的(招收11或13岁以上学生的);级别(或地位)高的;高级水平的;老年的n.较…年长的人;级别(或地位)较高者;高水平运动员3.path[pɑ?θ]n.道路;小路;成功的途径补充:4.challenge[?t?æl?nd?]n.&vt.挑战;质疑5.thinking[?θ??k??]n.思维;思想;想法6.positive[?p?z?t?v]adj.积极乐观的;正面的;良好的7.opportunity[??p??tju?n?ti]n.机会;时机8.liein存在于,在于9.riseto能够处理10.acquire[??kwa??(r)]vt.获得得到11.effort[?ef?t]n.努力;费力的事;试图12.advance[?d?vɑ?ns]n.进步;进展;前进,行进vt&vi发展,进步;促进;推动13.amazing[??me?z??]adj.令人大为惊奇的,令人惊喜的14.confidence[?k?nf?d?ns]n.信心;信任;把握第32页共32页,15.makeadifference(to)起作用,有影响16.makethemostof充分利用,尽情享受17.resource[r??s??s]n.资源资料;谋略18.takeadvantageof利用19.facility[f??s?l?ti]n.设施;设备场所20.equal[?i?kw?l]adj.相等的;平等的;相当的n.同等的人(物)linkingv.与…相等vt.比得上21.attitude[?æt?tju?d]n.态度;看法22.goal[ɡ??l]n.进球得分;目标23.balance[?bæl?ns]vt.同等重视;使(在某物上)保持平衡;权衡重要性n.均衡;平衡;平衡能力24.improve[?m?pru?v]vt&vi改进;改善25.lastbutnotleast最后但同样重要的是26.well-rounded[?wel?ra?nd?d]adj.全面发展的;面面俱到的27.individual[??nd??v?d?u?l]n.个人adj.个别的;单独的28.character[?kær?kt?(r)]n.品质;性格;特点;人物,角色;文字29.responsible[r??sp?ns?bl]adj.有责任,负责;可靠的30.ahead[??hed]adv.(时间、空间)向前;提前31.junior[?d?u?ni?(r)]adj.(学校)为11或13岁以下儿童设立的;地位(或级别)低的;青少年的n.职位较低者;青少年运动员32.forward[?f??w?d]adv.向将来;向前;进展;前进33.lookforwardto盼望,期待第32页共32页,34.independent[??nd??pend?nt]adj.自主的,有主见的;自立的34.focus[?f??k?s]n.焦点,重点vt&vi.集中35.detail[?di?te?l]n.细节;具体情况36.asaresultof由于37.tip[t?p]n.指点;实用的提示;尖端;小费38.base[be?s]vt.以…为基础(依据)n.根据;基础;基底;总部,大本营39.remind[r??ma?nd]vt.提醒;使想起40.stickto坚持;固守;维持41.proposal[pr??p??zl]n.提议;建议;动议42.aim[e?m]n.目标;目的vt&vi力争做到;目的是;针对43.style[sta?l]n.风格;方式;样式44.technique[tek?ni?k]n.技巧;技艺;技能45.workshop[?w??k??p]n.研讨会;讲习班;车间;作坊46.professional[pr??fe??nl]adj.职业的;专业的;有职业的;娴熟的;精通业务的n.专门人员;专业人士47.material[m??t??ri?l]n.材料;素材adj.物质的;实际的;客观存在的48.poster[?p??st?(r)]n.海报;(在网络留言板上)发布消息的人49.secondary[?sek?ndri]adj.次要的;中学的50.exchange[?ks?t?e?nd?]n.&vt.交换;交流兑换51.host[h??st]n.主人;东道主;主持人vt.主办;主持52.a.m.[?e??em]上午,午前53.p.m.[?pi??em]下午,午后第32页共32页,54.biology[ba???l?d?i]n.生物学54.tough[t?f]adj.艰难的;严厉的;坚强的;坚固的55.alarm[??lɑ?m]n.闹钟;恐慌;警报;警报器vt.使惊恐;使害怕56.contribution[?k?ntr??bju??n]n.贡献;捐款;捐赠57.fortunately[?f??t??n?tli]adv.幸运地;幸亏58.overtime随着时间流逝,久而久之59.option[??p?n]n.可选择的事物;选择;选修课60.butter[?b?t?(r)]n.黄油61.pudding[?p?d??]n.甜点;布丁62.attract[??trækt]vt.吸引;使喜爱;招引;引起(反应)63.rugby[?r?ɡbi]n.橄榄球运动64.calligraphy[k??l?ɡr?fi]n.书法;书法艺术Unit265.nest[nest]n.鸟巢;巢穴;窝66.roof[ru?f]n.顶部;屋顶67.battle[?bætl]n.&vt.&vi.争论;战斗;搏斗;斗争68.seeeyetoeyewithsb(onsth)(在某事上)与某人看法一致69.argument[?ɑ?ɡjum?nt]n.争吵;争论;论点70.teenager[?ti?ne?d??(r)]n.青少年71.tension[?ten?n]n.紧张关系;紧张;拉伸72.anxious[?æ?k??s]adj.忧虑的;担心的;令人焦虑的;渴望的73.rate[re?t]n.速度;率Vi.&vt.评估;评价第32页共32页,74.shoot[?u?t]vi.&vt(使朝某方向)冲,奔;射击;射杀;摄影75.shootup快速长高,蹿个儿76.spot[sp?t]n.粉刺;斑点;污渍;地点,场所77.target[?tɑ?ɡ?t]n.(攻击的)目标,对象;靶子vt.把…作为攻击目标;面向78.anger[?æ?ɡ?(r)]n.怒气;怒火79.mental[?mentl]adj.思想的;精神的;智力的80.adult[?æd?lt]n.成年人81.desire[d??za??(r)]n.&vt渴望;希望82.struggle[?str?ɡl]vi.&n.斗争;奋斗;努力;搏斗83.*rough[r?f]adj.艰难的;粗糙的;不确切的84.breakdown[?bre?kda?n]n.(关系)破裂;故障85.regular[?reɡj?l?(r)]adj.频繁的;有规律的86.calm[kɑ?m]vt.使平静;使镇静adj.镇静的;沉着的86.calmdown平静,镇静,安静87.view[vju?]n.看法;视线;景色vt.把…视为;观看88.fromone’spointofview从某人的角度、观点出发89.thinksththrough充分考虑,全盘考虑,想透90.concern[k?n?s??n]n.担心,忧虑;关心vt.涉及;让(某人)担忧91.backdown承认错误,认输92.normal[?n??ml]adj.正常的;一般的n.常态;通常标准93.stress[stres]n.精神压力;紧张;强调v.强调;着重94.editor[?ed?t?(r)]n.主编,编辑;剪接师第32页共32页,95.argue[?ɑ?ɡju?]vi.争吵;争辩;争论vt.说理,论证96.skin[sk?n]n.皮肤;(兽)皮;毛皮97.design[d??za?n]vt.设计;制订n.设计;设计艺术98.forum[?f??r?m]n.论坛;讨论会;公共集会场所99.expert[?eksp??t]n.专家;行家adj.熟练的;内行的;专家的100.likely[?la?kli]adj.可能的;预料的;有希望的101.unique[ju?ni?k]adj.独一无二的;独特的;独具的,特有的102.passive[?pæs?v]adj.消极的;被动的103.performance[p??f??m?ns]n.表现;表演;执行,履行104.cheerup(使)变得高兴,振奋起来105.press[pres]vt.&vi.催促,逼迫;按;压;挤;推n.报章杂志;报刊;(thepress)新闻工作者;新闻界106.eager[?i?ɡ?(r)]adj.渴望的;热切的;渴求的107.youth[ju?θ]n.青年时期;青春(theyouth)年轻人108.adventure[?d?vent??(r)]n.冒险;冒险经历;奇遇109.beonsb’sbackaboutsth缠磨,烦扰110.kangaroo[?kæ?ɡ??ru?]n.袋鼠111.flexible[?fleks?bl]adj.灵活的;可变动的;柔韧的;112.account[??ka?nt]n.账户;描述;解释vt.认为是;视为113.rent[rent]n.租金vi.&vt.租用;出租114.grocery[?ɡr??s?ri]n.食品杂货;食品杂货店115.secure[s??kj??(r)]adj.安心的;可靠的;牢固的第32页共32页,116.graduate[?ɡræd?ue?t]vi.&vt.毕业[?ɡræd?u?t]n.毕业生117.gather[?ɡæð?(r)]vi.聚集;集合vt.;收拢;搜集,收集;聚集118.emergency[i?m??d??nsi]n.突发事件;紧急情况119.volunteer[?v?l?n?t??(r)]vt.&vi.主动建议(或告诉);自愿做;义务做n.志愿者120.pipe[pa?p]n.烟斗;管子;管乐器121.figure[?f?ɡ?(r)]n.数字;人物;体形,身材122.downtown[?da?n?ta?n]adv.在市中心;往市中心123.drawsthoutofsth提前,支取124.operation[??p??re??n]n.手术;运转;操作125.lap[læp]n.大腿部126.teller[?tel?(r)]n.出纳员;叙述者127.scene[si?n]n.(戏剧等)场;场面,片段;地点,现场;景色,风光128.flat[flæt]n.公寓adj.平坦的;瘪了的129.response[r??sp?ns]n.回复;反应,响应Unit3130.ontherocks(关系)陷于困境,濒临崩溃131.awkward[???kw?d]adj.局促不安的;令人尴尬的;难对付的;笨拙的132.sight[sa?t]n.视野;视力;看见133.outofone’ssight脱离某人的视线134.original[??r?d??nl]adj.起初的;独创的;原作的135.medium[?mi?di?m]n.传播信息的媒介,方法;手段,工具adj.中等的;中号的136.socialmedia社交媒体第32页共32页,137.makeit能够出席;准时到达;获得成功138.horrible[?h?r?bl]adj.令人震惊的;可恶的;极坏的139.chat[t?æt]vi.&n.闲聊;聊天140.cafe[?kæfe?]n.咖啡馆;小餐馆141.recover[r??k?v?(r)]vi.恢复健康;恢复常态vt.全额收回;寻回;重新获得;恢复;重新控制142.respond[r??sp?nd]vi.&vt.回答;回应;响应;作出反应143.loss[l?s]n.失去,丧失;亏损;去世;损失144.ataloss不知所措;困惑145.judge[d??d?]vt.&vi.评价,(尤指)批评;判断,认为n.法官;裁判员146.inthewrong有错,应承担责任147.apologize[??p?l?d?a?z]vi.道歉;谢罪148.behavior[b?'he?vj?(r)]n.行为,举止,态度149.case[ke?s]n.具体情况;事例;案例;容器150.inanycase无论如何,不管怎样151.frank[fræ?k]adj.直率的;坦率的152.definitely[?def?n?tli]adv.肯定;确实;确切地153.trick[tr?k]vt.欺骗;欺诈n.诡计;花招;戏法154.letgoof放弃,摒弃;松手,放开155.ignore[?ɡ?n??(r)]vt.忽视;对…不予理会156.suffer[?s?f?(r)]vi.受苦,受折磨;变差vt.遭受;蒙受157.misunderstand[?m?s?nd??stænd]vt.&vi误解;误会第32页共32页,158.contact[?k?ntækt]vt.&n.联系,联络159.explode[?k?spl??d]vi.(愤怒等感情)爆发,迸发;爆炸vt.使爆炸160.generous[?d?en?r?s]adj.宽宏大量的;仁慈的;慷慨的161.counton依赖,依靠,指望162.eatawayat腐蚀,侵蚀,逐渐破坏163.shallow[??æl??]adj.肤浅的;浅薄的;浅的164.blog[bl?ɡ]n.网志;博客165.comebetween...and...损害...之间的关系,离间;妨碍166.inperson亲自,亲身167.theme[θi?m]n.主题;主旋律168.*slave[sle?v]n.奴隶169.*raft[rɑ?ft]n.筏;木排170.highpoint最有意思(或最令人愉快、最好)的部分171.throughthickandthin不顾艰难险阻,同甘共苦172.opinion[??p?nj?n]n.意见;看法;(群体的)观点,信仰173.inone’sopinion在某人看来174.quality[?kw?l?ti]n.品质,素质;质量;特征adj.优质的;高质量的175.basis[?be?s?s]n.基础;原因;基准176.respect[r??spekt]vt.尊敬;尊重n.尊敬;敬意;重视177.getover克服;恢复常态178.efficient[??f??nt]adj.效率高的;有功效率的179.extra[?ekstr?]adj.额外的;分外的;附加的adv.额外;另外;特别;格外第32页共32页,180.bringout使显现,使表现出181.measure[?me??(r)]vt.估量,判定;测量n.措施;衡量182.reflection[r??flek?n]n.沉思;反射;映像;反映183.seek[si?k]vi.试图;寻找;争取vt.寻求;寻找184.escape[??ske?p]vi.&vt.逃脱;躲避;逃跑;避开,避免;被遗忘n.逃脱,逃离185.smoothout消除(问题),克服(困难)186.bemeanttodosth注定要做某事,应该做某事187.benefit[?ben?f?t]n.优势;益处;成效vt.使受益vi.得益于188.comfort[?k?mf?t]vt.抚慰;宽慰n.舒适;安慰189.joy[d???]n.高兴;愉快;令人高兴的人(或事);乐趣190.failure[?fe?lj?(r)]n.失败;失败的人(或事物);未履行;故障191.takeon呈现,具有192.infullmeasure最大程度地,最大限度地193.moment[?m??m?nt]n.时光;时机;瞬间;某个时刻194.indeed[?n?di?d]adv.其实,实际上;的确;真正地195.well-meaning[?wel?mi?n??]adj.善意的,出于好心的196.recognize[?rek?ɡna?z]vt.承认;意识到;认出;辨别出197.thorough[?θ?r?]adj.彻底的;全面的;仔细的198.death[deθ]n.死;死亡;死亡状态199.company[?k?mp?ni]n.陪伴;做伴;公司200.crowd[kra?d]n.一伙人;一帮人;人群vt.挤满;使拥挤vi.聚集;挤,涌201.poet[?p???t]n.诗人第32页共32页,202.admire[?d?ma??(r)]vt.钦佩;欣赏203.wine[wa?n]n.葡萄酒;果酒Unit4204.skip[sk?p]vt.不做(应做的事等);跳过vi.蹦蹦跳跳地走;略过205.yogurt[?j?ɡ?t]n.酸奶206.*faint[fe?nt]vi.昏厥adj.昏眩的;微弱的;可能性不大的207.passout昏迷,失去知觉208.immediately[??mi?di?tli]adv.立即;马上conj.一…就209.concentrate[?k?nsntre?t]vi.&vt.集中(注意力、思想等);全神贯注210.sex[seks]n.性别211.extreme[?k?stri?m]adj.极端的;严重的n.极端不同的感情(或境况、行为方式等)212.slim[sl?m]vi.变苗条,减肥adj.苗条的;微薄的;小的213.slimdown变苗条,减肥214.percent[p??sent]n.百分之…215.concerned[k?n?s??nd]adj.担心的,忧虑的;关注的,关切的216.effect[??fekt]n.效果,作用;影响217.sideeffect副作用218.prove[pru?v]linkingv.后来被发现是vt.证明;证实219.slightly[?sla?tli]adv.稍微;略微220.diet[?da??t]n.日常饮食;节食vi.节食;进规定饮食221.nutrition[nju?tr??n]n.营养222.function[?f??k?n]vi.起作用;正常工作;运转n.作用;功能;职能第32页共32页,223.takein摄入,吸收224.energetic[?en??d?et?k]adj.精力充沛的;充满活力的225.effective[??fekt?v]adj.有效的;生效的226.getintoshape强身健体227.frightened[?fra?tnd]adj.害怕的;受惊的;惊吓的228.within[w??ð?n]prep.在(某段时间)之内;在(某段距离、范围)之内;在…里229.rather[?rɑ?ð?(r)]adv.相反,而是;相当;更准确地说230.aspect[?æspekt]n.方面;层面231.pressure[?pre??(r)]n.心理压力,紧张;压力;要求,催促232.contribute[k?n?tr?bju?t]vi.&vt.是…的原因之一;捐献,捐赠;增加,增进233.contributeto促成,造成234.intheshort/longterm从短期/长期看235.memory[?mem?ri]n.记忆力;记性;记忆,回忆236.attack[??tæk]n.发作;攻击;抨击vt.&vi.攻击;侵扰;抨击237.amount[??ma?nt]n.数量238.schedule[??edju?l]n.工作计划,日程安排;时间表239.negative[?neɡ?t?v]adj.消极的;负面的;否定的;坏的;有害的240.plastic[?plæst?k]adj.可塑的;塑料的n.塑料241.surgery[?s??d??ri]n.外科手术242.plasticsurgery整形手术;整形外科243.campus[?kæmp?s]n.(大学、学院的)校园,校区244.treatment[?tri?tm?nt]n.治疗;对待,待遇;处理第32页共32页,245.guy[ɡa?]n.小伙子;家伙246.addition[??d??n]n.增加;添加;加法247.inaddition此外248.saying[?se???]n.谚语;格言;警句249.hangover使忧心忡忡,担心可能发生250.jeans[d?i?nz]n.牛仔裤251.male[me?l]adj.男性的;雄性的n.男性;雄性252.female[?fi?me?l]adj.女性的;雌性的n.女性;雌性253.guardagainst防范,防止,提防254.beauty[?bju?ti]n.美;美丽;美人;美好的东西255.fightalosingbattle打一场无望取胜的仗256.liveupto达到,符合,不辜负257.endup最终成为,最终处于258.fashion[?fæ?n]n.时尚;时兴;流行款式259.shadow[??æd??]n.阴影,影子;昏暗处,阴暗处260.digital[?d?d??tl]adj.数字的;数码的261.series[?s??ri?z]n.(plseries)一系列;连续262.showoff显示,展示;炫耀,卖弄263.external[?k?st??nl]adj.外来的,外在的;外部的,外面的264.strength[stre?θ]n.优势;力气,力量;实力265.talent[?tæl?nt]n.天资,天赋;人才,天才266.piano[pi?æn??]n.钢琴第32页共32页,267.takepridein为…自豪,为…骄傲268.content[?k?ntent]n.内容;目录269.individuality[??nd??v?d?u?æl?ti]n.个性;个人特征270.achievement[??t?i?vm?nt]n.成就,成绩;达到,完成271.app[æp]n.应用程序,应用软件(application的缩写)第32页共32页
【直接打印】牛津译林版(2020)高中英语必修第一册Unit1-Unit4课文文本 单词背诵手册
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